Digital wizardry restores some of Europe’s most stunning castles to their former glory, from a mysterious fortified Irish mansion to the home of Vlad the Impaler in Romania
- Seven of the most unique ruined castles of Europe have been ‘rebuilt’ by a team of designers and architects
- Poenari Castle in Romania was once the home of the infamous 15th-century ruler Vlad the Impaler
- Dunnottar Castle in Scotland, south of Aberdeen, dates back to the 7th century – and was invaded by Vikings
Seven of Europe’s most impressive ruined castles have been given an extreme makeover.
They have been ‘rebuilt’ by a team of designers and architects using the wonders of computer-generated imagery.
Scroll down to see these epic ruins – from a beautiful fortified Irish mansion to Vlad the Impaler’s former Romanian abode – and travel back in time…
Samobor Castle, Croatia – built between 1260 and 1264
Samobor Castle in Croatia was built in the 12th century by the Czech king Otokar, before a procession of noble families took control through the centuries
From the initial Romantic-Gothic castle with a huge tower, late Gothic and Renaissance elements were added and at the end of the 17th century and the beginning of the 18th century Samobor became a Baroque-style castle
Multiple owners, legal wranglings and war have marked this once-impressive castle’s long history.
Sitting above the market town of Samobor itself, the castle dates back to the 13th century, but the official website notes that ‘from the initial Romantic-Gothic castle with a huge tower, it acquired through time the late Gothic and Renaissance forms and at the end of the 17th century and the beginning of the 18th century it became a Baroque style castle’.
Since 1902, the castle – after years of legal battles between noblemen and the townsfolk – is now owned by the town itself.
Château Gaillard, Les Andelys, Normandy, France – built between 1196 and 1198
This impressive château was built in the 12th century on the banks of the River Seine by English king Richard the Lionheart to protect his possessions from French archrival Philip II
After Richard’s death his successor, King John, eventually lost the château to Philip
This stunning French château is perched impressively above the River Seine.
The castle’s official website explains: ‘In the late 12th century, Richard the Lionheart, King of England – thanks to his Plantagenet roots – ordered the construction of a massive new castle here to guard his Norman possessions and the nearby Norman capital of Rouen from the powerful King of France, Philip II.’
But Philip would have the last laugh – after Richard’s death in 1199, his successor King John soon lost the castle to his French rival.
Dunnottar Castle, Stonehaven, Scotland – built in the 7th century
Dunnottar Castle is situated just south of Aberdeen, overlooking the North Sea. It was invaded by the Vikings in the ninth century, who left a bloody trail of chaos in their wake
Dunnottar was captured from the English by Scottish hero William Wallace in the 13th century
Ancient Dunnottar Castle has a rich – and bloody – history.
According to its official website, the dramatic cliff-top fortress was invaded by Vikings in the ninth century, who killed King Donald II while they were there for good measure.
The site says that William Wallace captured the castle from the English in 1297 and it went on to welcome several key royals, including, 300 years later, Mary Queen of Scots.
Menlo Castle, Ireland – built in the 16th century
On the banks of the River Corrib, near Galway city, sits 16th-century Menlo Castle, inhabited by the wealthy English Blake family from 1569
Tragedy struck Menlo in 1910 when a fire gutted the property and killed Lord and Lady Blake’s daughter Eleanor – it has been a ruin ever since
On the banks of the River Corrib, near Galway city, sits 16th-century Menlo Castle, inhabited by the wealthy English Blake family from 1569 and an ivy-clad building with a rich, painful and occasionally mysterious history.
The official website says that ‘a local midwife to the Blake family used to tell a story that while on a night journey to the castle she heard fairy music and saw the fairies dancing in a fairy ring in a nearby field’.
Modern times, meanwhile, brought tragedy – in 1910 a fire gutted the place killing Lord and Lady Blake’s daughter Eleanor, whose body was never found. The building has been a ruin ever since.
Olsztyn Castle, Poland – built in the 14th century
Olsztyn Castle in Poland was built in the 14th century and was originally the home of Warmian Bishops
One of the most famous Warmian administrators of the castle was polymath Nicolaus Copernicus, and artefacts from his time are now displayed in the castle’s museum
This brick, Gothic castle built in the 14th century is also known as the Warmian Bishops’ Castle, in reference to the medieval religious order that lived there.
One of its most famous caretakers was 15th-century sage and boffin Nicolaus Copernicus, whose work in planetary observation was considered groundbreaking.
An on-site museum now houses Warmian religious paintings, Gothic sculptures and a hand-drawn astronomical table by Copernicus himself. The 114ft tower, meanwhile, offers visitors stunning views.
Spiš Castle, Slovakia – built in the 12th century
Built 900 years ago in Slovakia, Spiš Castle takes up over four hectares of space and is one of the biggest castles in central Europe
The castle’s architecture has changed over the centuries, and in the 15th century it was transformed into a Gothic-style fortress
Built 900 years ago and covering more than four hectares, Spiš Castle is one of the largest castles in central Europe.
According to the castle’s official website, the ‘surrounding stone fortification protected the inner Romanesque palace from the Tartars during the invasion of the 13th century’.
Hollywood came calling in 1992 and 2007, when the movies Dragon Heart and The Last Legion were filmed there.
Poenari Castle, Romania – built in the 13th century
To get to this 13th-century castle perched high up in the Carpathian Mountains, you have to climb over 1,400 stairs
Poenari was once the home of the infamous Vlad the Impaler – the Romanian leader and folk hero who, it’s said, was the inspiration for Bram Stoker’s Dracula
To get to this grand ruin in the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains – which dates back to the 13th century – you have to climb over 1,400 concrete steps.
But that’s not the most culturally significant aspect of Poenari – from the 15th century onwards it was the home of the infamous Vlad the Impaler, said to be the inspiration for Bram Stoker’s Dracula.
Ghost hunters flock to the ruin, claiming that the historic place is haunted.
- Source for the reconstructions: Budget Direct.
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